Essay On Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel In English - 1500 in words
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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Essay in English Introduction
If we talk about political fields in the country, then many Prime Ministers, Presidents have played a very important role in the country. Similarly in our country there was also Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who was an Indian politician. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel served as the Deputy Prime Minister. He has played a very important role as an Indian expressionist and politician. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a senior leader of the Political Party Indian National Congress and also the founder of the Republic of India. He fought a lot for independence and also gave guidance to make an independent nation. He is known as Sardar in India and elsewhere. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born in the city of Gujarat. He belonged to Patel caste community. His father's name was Jhewar Bhai Patel and mother's name was Ladwa Devi. He was the fourth child of his parents. He had three elder brothers named Somabhai, Narsi Bhai was Vitthal Bhai. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel did his studies from London and became a Barrister Babu. Later he started studying law in Ahmedabad. Inspired by the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, he started participating in the movement.
Kheda Movement in Gujarat
Patel gave his biggest contribution in the freedom movement by fighting in the Kheda movement in 1918. This movement was the biggest and first movement of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Kheda in Gujarat was in trouble those days due to severe drought. When the farmers demanded tax exemption from the British government, the British government did not accept it. So Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Gandhiji and others under the leadership of the farmers did this movement to motivate them. The British government had to bow down to this movement and waived the rent of that year, this was the first success of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
The Satyagraha movement in Gujarat in 1928 was a major peasant movement during the Indian Constitutional War. This peasant movement was led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. The reason for this movement was to make the farmers' rent up to 30% by the government. Vallabhbhai Patel ji fiercely opposed the increase in this rent. The government took very difficult decisions to crush the Satyagraha movement. Still, the government had to obey the farmers. When this matter came to light, the increase in rent to 22% was misconstrued and was later reduced to 6%.
title of chieftain
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who played an important role in the Satyagraha movement, was given the title of Sardar by women. This is because Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel got success in this movement and got the farmers' rent reduced. In the context of the peasant struggle and Satyagraha movement and in the context of the Bardoli peasant struggle, Gandhi said that this kind of struggle is taking us to Swaraj. We are not far to attain Swaraj. Similar struggles can prove helpful to us.
merger of princely states
At the time of independence, there were 565 princely states in India. Their area in India was 40%, when Sardar Patel along with VP Manon started the work of annexing many indigenous states into India just before independence. Then Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and VP Menon explained a lot to the native kings that it was not possible to help them. Then on such request of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Menon, all the other states except 3 states accepted the proposal to meet in India. There were 3 states which refused to meet in India and that is Jammu and Kashmir, Junagadh and Hyderabad.
There was a small princely state near Junagadh, which fell from Indian soil on all sides. It was not even near Pakistan. The Nawabs of Junagadh announced the accession to Pakistan on 15 August 1947. But the Hindu religion was the most within the state, he wanted to be found inside India. There was a lot of agitation against the Nawab, there was a lot of opposition to the Nawab. After which the Indian Army entered Junagadh. As soon as the Nawab came to know about this, he fled to Pakistan and on 9 November 1947 Junagadh was annexed to India.
merger of Hyderabad
Hyderabad was the largest state of India, which was surrounded by Indian soil on all sides. But the Nizam there claimed to make Pakistan independent from Rajasthan and started increasing his army. During this Nizam also started importing many weapons. Patel started getting worried about this, then the Indian Army entered Hyderabad on 13 September 1948. After 3 days the Nizam surrendered himself and allowed Hyderabad to be annexed to India.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
There was a difference between Akash and Hades between the first Prime Minister of independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and the first Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. While both had obtained the degree of barrister from England. But Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was far ahead of Nehru ji in the matter of advocacy and he got the first place among all the students of the whole British Empire. Nehru ji used to think special things in Nehru ji and Patel, But Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel used to implement them. While Nehru ji was a scholar of the scriptures, on the other hand Patel was a priest of the scriptures. Patel ji had also taken higher education but he never had arrogance. He always used to say that I have not soared very high in the arts and sciences. I have developed in huts on the land of poor farmer's fields and in dirty houses of cities. Panditji was very much irritated by the filth of the village. Panditji wanted to become a socialist prime minister. After the independence of the country, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the Deputy Prime Minister as well as became the first Minister of Home, Information, State, Department. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had merged 562 small princely states with his greatness within India. He went out with PV Menon to plead with the kings of all the states with an empty bag. The princely state also became the minister of the department. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had merged 562 small princely states with his greatness within India. He went out with PV Menon to plead with the kings of all the states with an empty bag. The princely state also became the minister of the department. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had merged 562 small princely states with his greatness within India. He went out with PV Menon to plead with the kings of all the states with an empty bag.
princely states of Kashmir
When it comes to the princely states of Kashmir, Nehru ji also took the responsibility of merging Kashmir with India. But it is true that Sardar Patel was very much opposed to the plebiscite of Kashmir and taking the issue of Kashmir to the United States of America. Although Sardar Patel undoubtedly made a miracle in world history by unifying 562 princely states. Mahatma Gandhi wrote to Vallabhbhai Patel about these princely states that the problems of the princely states were so complex that only you could solve them. Mahatma Gandhi's words made Sardar Patel great in his own eyes. While Panditji's work in the foreign department was good, yet sometimes Vallabhbhai Patel had to go to the foreign department committee of the cabinet.
After independence, people of many states were in favor of the Congress Committee. Because these Congress committees were being run by the Congress. Respecting Gandhiji's wish, Vallabhbhai Patel ji kept himself away from the race for the post of Prime Minister and supported Nehru ji, so that Nehru ji could come to the post of Prime Minister. Vallabhbhai Patel preferred to work as Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister. Even after that, relations between Nehru ji and Patel ji were always tense. This was because Patel ji was many times more knowledgeable than Nehru ji. Due to this strained relationship, both of them had also threatened to resign several times. His first priority as Home Minister was the integration of the indigenous states into India. Vallabhbhai Patel accomplished this task without any bloodshed. When he sent the Indian army to annex Hyderabad to India, So from then on he came to be known as the Iron Man of India. In our country, many fighters and leaders working in political positions played their part from liberating the country to taking over the reins of the country.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ji contributed a lot to bring many states to India even after independence. Which are still counted and read in history. The country can never forget these works of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
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