Essay On Makar Sankranti Festival In English

Essay On Makar Sankranti Festival In English

Essay On Makar Sankranti Festival In English - 1900 in words

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Makar Sankranti Festival Essay in English Introduction

Makar Sankranti is the main festival of Hindus. In this festival, there is a trend not only to eat sweets but also to speak sweets. Anyway, everyone should always speak sweetly. Because nobody likes harsh words. By the way, this festival is celebrated in different parts of the country. According to Vedic Hindu philosophy, Makar Sankranti is the festival of the sun. Who is considered the king of all the planets. Makar Sankranti may be celebrated with different names in different parts of the country, but everyone has the same motive and joy of celebrating the festival.

When is Makar Sankranti celebrated?

There are many festivals related to the Sun God in our Hindu religion and the tradition of celebrating them is following the rules. One of them is Makar Sankranti. When Lord Shri Bhaskar enters Makar Rashi in the month of winter Pos, then this Sankranti of Sun is called Makar Sankranti. And it is celebrated across the country. Although Makar Sankranti is celebrated on every 14 January, but due to some changes in the calculations in some years, it is also celebrated on 15 January. But this is rarely seen.

Makar Sankranti, a festival related to crops

In the middle of January, some festival related to crops is celebrated in almost all the states of India. Someone shares happiness when the crops are ready. So some people are happy in the hope that now the frost will be less. With the increase in the heat of the sun, the standing crop in the fields will grow faster. All the provinces and regions have their own color and their own style. On this day everyone expresses the hope of good yields and the joy of crops coming to their homes. Makar Sankranti is known as Til Sankranti in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Bihu in Assam, Onam in Kerala, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Lohri in Punjab, Sarhul in Jharkhand, kite festival in Gujarat. There are festivals related to all farming and crops. They are celebrated at different times from January to mid-April.

Sarhul (Sankranti) in Jharkhand

In Jharkhand, Sarhul is celebrated with great enthusiasm. Its celebration continues for four days. Different tribes celebrate it at different times.

Santhal and Aur Aon Jati (Sankranti)

Santhal people celebrate it in February-March, while other people celebrate it in March-April. Tribals generally give more importance to the worship of nature. Sal tree is worshiped with special emphasis on the day of Sarhul and this is the time when the Sal trees start flowering and the weather becomes very pleasant. Both men and women sing and dance throughout the night carrying drums. Small valleys spread all around, long and long Sal tree forests and small villages around the same settlement, people dance in a row in front of their deaf and decorated houses in a row. The next day, they dance and go from house to house and plant flowers. There is also a practice of asking for donations from house to house. But this cock in donations, Rice and sugar candy. Then there is the round of play and on the third day they worship. After which he wears a sarai flower in his ear. This day is considered to be the beginning of spring. Paddy is also worshiped on this day. The worshiped paddy is sown in the next crop.

Makar Sankranti in Tamil Nadu

In Tamil Nadu, Makar Sankranti or the festival of crops is celebrated as "Pongal". On this day, Kharif crops, rice, arhar etc. are cut and brought to homes. People crush the new paddy and take out the rice. A new earthen pot is brought to every house. In which new rice, milk and jaggery are added and kept in the sun for cooking. Turmeric is considered auspicious, so whole turmeric is tied around the mouth of the pot. This matka is kept in the sun during the day. As soon as the milk rises and the milk rice starts falling from the pot. So "Pangala-Pongal" "Pangala-Pongal" (everyone says in one voice saying khichdi is booming) and the same voice is heard everywhere.

Sankranti in Gujarat

In Gujarat, the celebration of Makar Sankranti is considered incomplete without kites. If you look at the sky on this day, then perhaps you can see kites of every shape and color waving in the sky. Every Gujarati irrespective of religion, caste or age. The sun is also covered by thousands and millions of kites. After all, Sankranti is famous only in the name of kites in Gujarat.

Sankranti in Kumaun

Makar Sankranti is also known as Ghughutiya in Kumaon. On this day, flour and jaggery are kneaded to make dishes. Different shapes are given to these dishes. Like Damru, Sword, Dadim flower etc. After frying the dish is threaded into a garland. In the middle of the garland, a bundle of orange and sugarcane is threaded. Children do this work with great interest and enthusiasm. In the morning garlands are given to the children. Birds leave the mountains because of the very cold. To call them, children break the dish with this garland and feed it to the birds and along with it ask for whatever they wish.

Sankranti in Punjab

Lohri, a festival celebrated in North India, is celebrated by the people of Punjabi and Sikh religion with great pomp. This festival is celebrated here as a harvest festival. Nowadays, Lohri is celebrated by people who believe in Sikhism all over India. But in Punjab and Haryana, its popularity is highly visible. Farmers celebrate by dedicating their harvest to the god of fire. People light fire outside the house and Punjabi sanjha chulha. Along with cooking on the same, the drums dance to the beat of the drums and congratulate each other on Lohri. Also eat jaggery, gram and peanuts. This festivity lasts throughout the night. Which it celebrates with great pomp and dance.

assam solstice

In Assam, Sankranti is known as Bihu. People here celebrate this festival in January every year. This festival is a major festival for the farmers, because after this festival the farmers harvest their crops and thank God. In the Bihu festival, women prepare sweet dishes and celebrate this festival with great pomp.

Makar Sankranti in Rajasthan

The married women who live in Rajasthan. She gives Vaina to her mother-in-law and seeks blessings from her. Donates any auspicious thing to fourteen Brahmins. Thus the tradition of celebrating Makar Sankranti is going on in Rajasthan.

Makar Sankranti in Bihar

In Bihar, there is a tradition of donning urad dal, rice and sesame seeds. Chivda, cow and other things are donated.

Makar Sankranti in Maharashtra

In Maharashtra, all married women donate cotton, oil, and salt by doing tilak of Kumkum rice. There is also a practice of distributing sesame seeds and jaggery. People give each other til and jaggery and say "Til gul dhhya and God gond bola". It means take sesame jaggery and eat it and speak sweetly. On this day women distribute sesame, jaggery, roli and turmeric to each other and celebrate this festival with laughter among themselves. Isn't it how Makar Sankranti is celebrated in so many different ways. Where milk is made of rice and jaggery kheer, then somewhere it makes khichdi of five types of new cereals. At some places, the influx of people gathers to bathe in the river. People keep shivering from the cold, but at least once in the icy water they definitely take a dip. The condition is that there is no place to even set foot here. On Makar Sankranti, bath is also done by adding sesame seeds in water. Donating sesame seeds, putting sesame seeds in the fire, making sesame dishes holds special significance.

Makar Sankranti Story

According to Hindu mythology, on this special day Lord Surya goes to his son Shani and when the sun goes, Shani Dev is representing Capricorn. Makar Sankranti was given importance only to strengthen the relationship between father and son and despite the differences. It is said that this festival strengthens the relationship between father and son and brings positive happiness.

according to other story

Bhishma Pitamah had got this boon that he can get his death on his own wish. He was waiting for the day of Uttarayan when he took on the shadow of arrows. He accepted his death on this day and closed his eyes so that he could attain salvation and it was the day of Makar Sankranti. .

Yamraj did penance

According to a legend, Yamraj was very sad to see father Surya Dev suffering from leprosy. Yamraj did severe penance to free the Sun God from leprosy, but the Sun God got angry and burnt the Kumbh, which is called the zodiac of Shani, at Shani Maharaj's house. Due to this Shani and his mother Chhaya had to suffer. Seeing his step mother, brother Shani in pain, Yamraj explained a lot to his father Surya for his welfare. And then the Sun God reached Shani's house in Kumbh and since then the tradition of celebrating Makar Sankranti started.

Makar Sankranti worship rituals

Those who celebrate this festival worship God according to the law. First of all, in the morning, take a bath etc. After that, after cleaning the place of worship on Muhurta, Lord Sun God is worshipped. Worship material is kept in the plate of worship, in which rice flour or rice, turmeric, betel nut, betel leaves, pure water, flowers and incense sticks are kept. After this, prasad is offered to the Lord by making black sesame and white sesame laddus, some sweets and rice dal khichdi. Aarti is performed by offering prasad to the deity. On the same day or the next day, this prasad is donated to the temple. During the puja, the head of women is covered with her lap. After that the mantra of the Sun God, Om Haram Him Home Saha Suryay Namah is recited at least 108 times. After that Til Ka Laddu is also eaten as Prasad. After the puja, rice khichdi is eaten and kite flying is done.

benefits of worship

By doing this worship one gets strength, intelligence and knowledge. Increases spiritual spirit and keeps the body healthy. Success is definitely achieved in this humble work. This is the main festival of the people who believe in Hinduism. Happiness is shared amongst themselves by this festival. The tradition of eating sweets and speaking sweets is developed in this festival.


Thus there is no dearth of festivals in our country. But every festival imparts some lesson or the other. Like Makar Sankranti, where kite flying is fun, on the other hand, we look towards speaking sweet and eating sweets. And it says that this happiness is not only for one day, but bring it completely in your life and forget the bitter words. Talk to everyone with humility and sweetness. Just as the worship of the Sun God and the joy of harvesting the crop, in the same way, the name of a beginning of singing dance and singing is Makar Sankranti. So this was the essay on Makar Sankranti, I hope you liked the essay written in English on Makar Sankranti . If you liked this article, then share this article with everyone.

Essay On Makar Sankranti Festival In English