Essay On Indira Gandhi In English

Essay On Indira Gandhi In English

Essay On Indira Gandhi In English - 1300 in words

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Indira Gandhi Essay in English Introduction

Smt. Indira Gandhi was born on 19 November 1917 in Uttar Pradesh. Indira Gandhi was born in the Nehru family. She was the only daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru. Everyone admires his personality. Indira ji has made her own identity in the political world for her political talents. Indira Gandhi received education in different places. He received his primary education in Allahabad itself. Apart from this, he also studied various subjects at Oxford and Shantiniketan. She was married in 1942 to a Parsi youth by the name of Feroze Gandhi. Her husband died in 1960 due to a heart attack. They had two sons, whose names were Rajiv and Sanjay Gandhi. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. He visited Shantiniketan which was built by Rabindranath Tagore, There he received his education. He completed his higher education in England. She was a true patriot since childhood and was eager to take part in the freedom struggle. He had also received political education from his father. He got to learn a lot from Lal Bahadur Shastri ji to achieve success as Prime Minister. Then unfortunately Lal Bahadur Shastri ji died and Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister of the country.

Birth and family of Indira Gandhi

He was born in a wealthy family. He was born in the year 1917, November in a prosperous and educated family of Uttar Pradesh. Her full name was Indira Priyadarshini, but at home she was affectionately called Indu by everyone. Indira Gandhi's grandfather's name was Motilal Nehru. Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru were from advocacy and they had contributed a lot in getting the country independent. Indira Gandhi's mother's name was Kamala Nehru.

Indira Gandhi named after her grandfather

Indira ji was named by her grandfather. It means Lakshmi and Durga Mata have come to his house in the form of a daughter. This is the reason why she was named Indira.

less time with family

She got the attractive personality of Indira Gandhi from her parents. Unfortunately, Indira Gandhi did not experience family life. His mother died early when he was only eighteen years old. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was busy with the freedom struggle, so he got very little time with his family.

importance of education

Jawaharlal Nehru understood the importance of education better. Indira Gandhi's early education was done by Nehru at home. After that he was sent to school. Then Indira ji got an opportunity to get education in Visva Bharati Vidyalaya in Shantiniketan. After that in the year 1937, he got an opportunity to study in a big university like Oxford. Indira Gandhi ji was very fond of reading books and various magazines since childhood. He had received education from many places and due to his love for books, he had good general knowledge. He had a feeling of different experiences of the world. She was not a very good student, but she was more inclined towards the English language. The reason for this was Nehru ji's education and he always talked to Indira ji in English. Nehru used to write letters to his daughter Indira Gandhi in English.

Indira Gandhi's marriage to Feroze Gandhi

Indira Gandhi was married to Feroze Gandhi. Indira Gandhi had met Feroze while studying at Oxford University. After that Indira ji thought of marrying Feroze Gandhi and told this to her father Nehru ji. Nehru did not agree to this relationship at all. He had tried to convince Indira Gandhi, but to no avail, and in the end, Indira ji married Feroze Gandhi and they had two sons. They got married against Nehru's decision.

politically inclined family

Indira Gandhi was born in a family having political thinking and political ideology. Indira Gandhi returned to her homeland in India in the year 1941 and her only goal was to join the freedom movement of India. When India became independent in 1947, India was also partitioned. He had helped millions of refugees there, medical etc. He helped the destitute people. This further increased the confidence in him in the party. His importance in the political party started increasing.

Congress party president

Indira Gandhi was just 42 years old when she became the President of the party. Suddenly Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru died in the year 1964. Mrs. Indira Gandhi won the election and became the Minister of Broadcasting and Information. Meanwhile, some members of the Congress party also accused the Nehru family of political familyism.

Prime Minister of the country from a member of the National Congress

Indira Gandhi has been a member of the Indian National Congress since its inception. In addition, in 1959 he was elected as the party president of the Indian National Congress. After the untimely death of Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister of the country in 1966. Indira Gandhi was elected the third woman Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi worked in the Prime Minister's Office for seventeen years.

Became prime minister three times in a row

Mrs. Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister for three consecutive terms. Indira Gandhi won the 1967 election with a small majority of votes and in 1977 she won with a huge margin. Again in the year 1980, she was re-elected as the Prime Minister of India and remained the Prime Minister till 1984.

took the country to the top

When she was the Prime Minister of India, she took the country to great heights. India defeated Pakistan in the war in 1971 under the leadership of Indira Gandhi. Apart from this, banks were also nationalized in the year 1970. These two bold moves defined him as the Prime Minister of India. He fulfilled his duty as Prime Minister in the defense of the country.

Difficulties during the reign of Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi had to face many problems during her reign. He had to be a victim of sharp comments from everyone. He took the decision with restraint. During his reign Pakistan was defeated and Bangladesh got independence.

Strong and Excellent Leadership

He had excellent leadership skills. She could handle any task very well. A major decision of his tenure was yet to come, when in 1975 opposition parties revolted against Justice Sinha's landmark decision. In order to reduce the influence of the opposition of the country, Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency. This led to his defeat in 1977. In January 1980, she was back in the midterm pole again.

Created history as Prime Minister

She was a courageous, determined, fearless and farsighted woman. Also, his 20 point program was a bold step to bring prosperity to the poor. She was the only woman who created history as the Prime Minister of India and made her place in everyone's hearts.

demand for Khalistan

The demand for Khalistan was increasing and this made them quite restless. Because of this the Golden Temple was attacked. In this way Indira Gandhi ordered the army to free the temple from terrorists. Suddenly on 31 October 1984, he was shot dead by two of his security guards i.e. bodyguards at his house.


Indira Gandhi tried to improve the condition of India smoothly during her reign. She wanted to run the country in a systematic and orderly manner. She wanted to bring positive changes in the economic policy of the country. He ended the privypers of the kings that had been going on for generations. Indira Gandhi tried to systematically fulfill the responsibilities of the post of Prime Minister on the strength of her best talents. Even today he is remembered for his qualities, charming and unique personality.

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Essay On Indira Gandhi In English