Essay On Indian History In English

Essay On Indian History In English

Essay On Indian History In English - 1500 in words

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Essay on Indian History (Indian History Essay in English)


India is a country where discussions of culture and civilization take place in foreign countries as well. People of various castes, religions, languages ​​and sects live in India. Despite this, brotherhood and unity have been seen between them on occasion. The culture and tradition of India has been the subject of discussion among the people since ancient times. There are many such beliefs here, which people from the old generation to the next generation believe and adopt with a sincere heart. Today we are going to give you complete information about India and its history in words. So that you can also get all the information related to India.

history of India

The history of India goes back many thousands of years. It is estimated that Homo sapiens arrived in the Indian subcontinent from Africa about 65,000 years ago. From where the story of India's development begins. It is also believed that on the basis of 19th century Western scholars, a class of Aryans reached the borders of the Indian subcontinent around 2000 BCE and only after that many new states were developed. As Indian civilization was progressing, so did the Vedic civilization. Which is considered as an early civilization and named after our Vedas, which were written and read in Sanskrit language. The history of India is divided into some main parts, on the basis of which it is convenient to study it.

pre-historic period stone age

This era is considered important. Because in this era the early days of human beings are imagined. Humans first learned to do something new on earth. It is estimated that the Stone Age began about 5,00,000 years ago and it is from here that the first stone weapons were introduced.

bronze Age

This era began with the Indus Valley Civilization, which is believed to be around 3300 BCE. This era began with Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Where people started using bronze. Simultaneously, people started production by mixing different types of metals, mainly copper, brass, lead and tin.

Early Historic Period Vedic Period

It is only through this period that we come to know about the strong art cultures. Where its beginning is believed to be 1500 BC. The Sanskrit language was mostly used during the Vedic period as well as the beginning of writing the Vedas at that time. From this period itself, Hinduism and other religions have been explained in the society, where it was later seen to be completely dominated by Hinduism in India.


The most developed urbanization was seen in this period, where small new states were formed and many types of moneylender posts were established. In which mainly small states like Magadha, Malla, Asaka, Avanti, Gandhara, Kamboj were established. This period is also described in Buddhist and Jain literature.

Main Historical Events of Ancient India Cycle 1) Prehistoric Period

During this period, humans were taught to collect food and cook it in a fire. Its time is considered to be from 4,00,000 BC to 1,000 BC.

2) Indus Valley Civilization

It is believed that at this time the Indus river was mainly useful for agriculture and the people of that time gave special importance to worship. This period is believed to be from 2,500 BC to 1500 BC.

3) Change of Hinduism

During this time many people had to face discrimination due to the caste system. Simultaneously many main dynasties were formed in this time, such as Bimbisara, Ajatashatru, Magadha, Nanda dynasty. Its time is considered from 600 BC to 322 BC.

4) Mauryan period

The Maurya period in those decades was established by Chandragupta Maurya. Under which the whole of India comes and after this many such kings entered, who did many things to increase the states. King Ashoka adopted Buddhism during this period. The time period of this period is considered to be from 322 BC to 185 BC.

5) Gupta Empire

From this time the Gupta Empire was established and the most classical era is considered to be this era. Simultaneously, poems like Shakuntalam and Kamasutra were composed in this era and Christianity entered India. The time of this era is considered to be from 320 AD to 520 AD.

Some great warrior emperors of India

Emperor Ashoka: Emperor Ashoka was the third ruler of the Maurya Empire, who established the pillar at Sarnath. He always made every effort to manage his kingdom, so that he could keep enemies away from the state and always do good to the people. After the change of heart of Emperor Ashoka, he adopted Buddhism and did many good works, due to which people could get a good follower. Maharana Pratap: Maharana Pratap is known as the son of true India, who belonged to the Rajput dynasty. Who had given a thorn to Akbar with his might. He adopted every maneuver to protect his motherland, due to which the enemy kept his distance from him. His enemies trembled at the very name of him. He has left an indelible mark in the history of India. Akbar : He is known as the most famous ruler among the Mughal rulers. He always paid attention to new works. He had a love for art and music and that is why he produced nine gems in his court. He always respected all religions and did away with policies like Sati system, child marriage, alcohol consumption. In his kingdom he treated everyone equally and was always devoted to his motherland. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a great warrior who always protected the people with his sacrifice, valor and strength. He fought against injustice and respected all religions and did many works for development and always respected women. In his kingdom he always worked in the interest of the people and that is why till date his name is taken as great warriors. There is an important contribution of all these warriors in the history of India, whose names are still taken with pride and whose stories of bravery are famous even today.

Major Revolutionaries in the History of India

India was a slave of the British for about 200 years and at that time the barbarism of the British had increased so much that people could not do anything. They just used to do what the British asked them to do. Meanwhile, there were some people who were trying hard to save their country and who had dreamed of freeing their country. Some of the major revolutionaries are as follows –

  • Mahatma Gandhi Jawaharlal Nehru Chandrashekhar Azad Lala Lajpat Rai Bhagat Singh Sukhdev Rani Lakshmibai Rani Ahilyabai Madan Mohan Malviya Subhash Chandra Bose

These are all rare diamonds that awakened the people of the country, so that they can go ahead and support the freedom struggle and get freedom from the British at the earliest. Finally, on 15 August 1947, our country became independent from the British and the main reason for this is the valor of all these great personalities.

famous buildings of india

If we are talking about the history of India, then it is considered necessary to mention the buildings of India. So that we can give accurate information about history. These main buildings are as follows –

  • Taj Mahal [Agra] Red Fort [New Delhi] Qutub Minar [Delhi] Stupa of Sanchi [Sanchi] Gateway of India [Mumbai] India Gate [New Delhi] Hawa Mahal [Jaipur] Charminar [Hyderabad] Humayun's Tomb [New Delhi]

major festivals of india

Festivals have been considered of special importance in the history of India, where festivals were celebrated on the occasion of a particular achievement or victory and expressed their happiness in front of the people. People carry on their life without any discrimination without any distinction of caste or religion. Some of the main festivals of India are as follows –

  • Diwali Dussehra Raksha Bandhan Holi Eid Durga Puja Krishna Janmashtami Mahashivratri Guru Nanak Jayanti

beliefs of india

There are such beliefs in India since ancient times, that people live in unity and brotherhood towards each other. At the same time, people come to each other's help in times of trouble. In our culture, no one is ever degraded and all religions, castes are respected. According to the beliefs of India, we should emphasize on our actions, so that the path of progress can be opened.


In this way we learned that India and its culture are very important for all the people of India. All these things are told from history that India is a secular state. Where all types of people can live and live their life with complete freedom. We all get a lesson from the history of India, so that all of us can move forward in our path and make our life happy.

Also read:-

  • Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (Essay on India in English) Essay on Festivals of India (Essay On India in English) Hindi Essay on India

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Essay On Indian History In English